Detail ("apex") of bronze helmet from the n. 36 Monterenzio Vecchio's grave (beginning of the 3rd c. B.C.)
- Antonio Gottarelli
- Annachiara Penzo
Archaeological Civic Museum "L. Fantini"
Via del Museo, 2
40050 Monterenzio (BO)
December 02, 2018
Laboratori creativi per bambini
Presso il Museo Civico Archeologico “L. Fantini”, L’associazione Arc.a Monte Bibele in collaborazione con Conapi-Mielizia presenta:
Ore 15:30 laboratori creativi per bambini (dai 4 anni in su)
I bambini realizzeranno candele in cera d’api e particolarissime decorazioni natalizie in argilla*.
Costo a bambino: 4 euro.
Prenotazione obbligatoria, posti limitati
(*Vi aspettiamo in museo a partire dal 15 dicembre per ritirare le decorazioni in argille cotte nel nostro forno!)
December 08, 2018
Regalo di Natale
Un regalo di Natale dell’associazione Arc.a Monte Bibele ai possessori della Card Musei Metropolitani di Bologna
Ore 15:30 visita guidata con archeologo al Museo Civico Archeologico “L. Fantini”, via del Museo 2, Monterenzio
Solo per questa occasione: ingresso gratuito per i possessori della card con visita guidata scontata del 30%: 7 euro anziché 10 euro a persona (5 euro dai 6 ai 14 anni; gratuito dai 0 a 5 anni).
Archaeological Civic Museum "L. Fantini"
|wednesday||9:00 AM - 1:00 PM|
|thursday||9:00 AM - 1:00 PM|
|saturday||10:00 AM - 6:00 PM|
|sunday||10:00 AM - 6:00 PM|
Special openings (10:00 AM - 6:00 PM): January 6, Easter Monday, April 25, May 1, June 2, November 1, December 8
Closed on the following holidays: January 1, Easter Sunday, August 15, December 25 and 26
|full ticket||5 €|
|reduced ticket*||3 €|
|free ticket**||0 €|
|full ticket||7 €|
|reduced ticket*||5 €|
|free ticket**||0 €|
*reduced ticket: children between 6 and 14 years old, University of Bologna's students, school parties
**free ticket: children till 6 years old and disabled, turistic, and school parties accompaniers, Metropolitan Museums of Bologna Card's holders
Family benefit: parents with children have always the right of daily tickets at the same price of single entry tickets.
The card provides the access for the whole solar year (deadline December 31th of the emission's year) during the opening hours.
Includes a mail update service and the book "Appenninica" (DVD included).
Archaeological Civic Museum "L. Fantini"
The new Archaeological Museum, inaugurated July 2000, was the result of an intense collective effort on the part of the township of Monterenzio, the Comunità Montana (mountain area municipalities consortium authority), the Ministry for Cultural Assets, and the University of Bologna. In the same year, archaeological research became focused on a new site on the opposite side of the Idice river, in Monterenzio Vecchio (“Old Monterenzio”), following leads from prospecting and investigations undertaken from 1988 onwards. In the years which were to follow, the new location brought to light:
- a necropolis with over 40 burials contemporary to those of Monte Tamburino and endowed with rich and intricate grave goods;
- a Bronze Age settlement;
- another votive deposit, yielding hundreds of miniature vases.
Field work was continuously supplemented by the conservation and restoration of the large number of finds from the Monterenzio Vecchio necropolis, the excavation whereof had had come to an end in 2008.
In 2015 – 15 years after the inauguration of the new Museum, and 50 years after the first digs on Monte Bibele – the whole visitors’ itinerary was completely reassessed and reorganised, with a mind to allow the integration of the new materials within previous display patterns.
- Antonio Gottarelli
- Annachiara Penzo
- Pietro Baldassarri
- Andrea Baroncioni
- Ivano Devoti
- Lisa Guerra
- Elena Maini
- Federica Proni
- Simona Scarpelli
- Massimo Zanfini
The Museum collects archaeological finds which allow to reconstruct the history of human presence in the Bolognaise Apennine area and particularly in the Idice and Zena river valley. Such archaeological rests start from the early paleolithic handworks up to the roman and medieval age.
A significant attention is paid to the rests coming form the archaeological excavations operated by the Department of Archaeology of Bologna University in two parallel sites: Monte Bibele, on the left side of the river Idice and Monterenzio Vecchio on the right crest.
The discover of the Etruscan-Celtic village of Pianella di Monte Savino (5th – 2nd century B.C.) and the related necropolis on the peak of Monte Tamburino (5th – 3rd century B.C.) has been very helpful in order to make the period while the Celts arrived in central Italy come to light.
Particularly important is the votive hoard of Monte Bibele (5th century B.C.) where thousands miniature vessels and almost 200 bronze little statues have been found at the bottom of a small natural basin.
A specific importance is also given to the archaeological rests from the site of Monterenzio Vecchio where during the 13th century B.C. a small village of shepherds existed. We inherited from that little community working tools made of bone and horn, fragments of millstones and pottery typical of the Late Bronze Age and of the Apennine area.
Each room of the Museum is accessible also to disabled people. Furthermore, there is a tactile section realized with the Cavazza blind people Institute of Bologna and opened since 2010. Here you can touch Braille captions and a lot of copies of ancient objects made by Vincenzo Pastorelli (Hephestus) as weapons, little bronze statues, vases and instruments related to wine taste and body wellness.
Monterenzio Vecchio (the old part of Monterenzio City) is located along the ridge between the Idice and the Sillaro Valley, around 700 m a.s.l. and at approximately 20 km southeast of Bologna, overlooking the Emilia and Romagna territories and close to the Tuscan-Emilian passes.
In 1882 Giovanni Gozzadini, Royal Commissioner for Emilia and Marche Museums and Excavations, reported in the review "Notizie degli scavi di Antichità" the presence in this area of ancient weapons kits (an iron helmet, a sword and a spear), confirmed during the following century in occasion of deep agricultural tillages, when the Department of Archaeology of the University of Bologna (now Department of History Civilization Cultures), discovered ten further tombs (tombs A-L). Systematic excavations began in 2000, in collaboration with the Ècole française of Rome and the CNRS-ENS UMR 8546 of Paris, and lasted for a decade, discovering other 39 tombs: the necropolis consists in total of about fifty graves.
At the lower part of the necropolis there were a votive depot, consisting in hundreds of miniaturized vases, and a large area still investigated. The general planning of the funerary area shows an arrangement of three or four possible alignments of graves, two of which run on artificial terraces, wide from six to seven metres and long 30 and 60 meters. The oldest tombs, as in nearby Monte Tamburino necropolis, are located toward the ridge, while the latest are placed in the lower part of the slope, dating from the mid 4th to the early 3rd century BC.
The structure of each pit is rectangular and always reinforced with stones or entirely excavated in stone itself. Inside the grave, there was a wooden box laid to receive the deceased and his funerary equipment. These Celtic-italic tombs are mostly inhumation graves, except three male incinerations (tombs 16, 28, 32). For 32 burials it has been possible to identify the deceased's sex on the basis of the equipment supplied and of the anthropological analyses: 14 female and 18 male -warriors- depositions. Women seem to reach the age of 45 years, while men were less long-lived (death between 16 and 45 years).
The grave goods consist in different groups of objects divided by function: personal ornaments, elements of sexual connotation or social status and elements for the banquet service. The objects are disposed in the same way as in the nearby Monte Tamburino necropolis, but they are higher quality or most rare (as the bronze situla of tomb 5, the great kylix of tomb 36 , the red-figured kantharos of tomb 1 or the duck askòs of tomb 2) maybe because of a burial ground reserved to a small elite.
The Monterenzio Vecchio necropolis is related to a strategic context because of the proximity to the Monte Bibele settlement (they should had a constant contact each other), but also because of the proximity to the Via Flaminia Minor, a military road completed in 187 BC by the Consul Gaius Flaminius to establish the roman control of new territorial conquests between Bologna and Arezzo which marked the definitive abandonment of that peak by Celtic-Italic inhabitants.
In the historical context of the beginning of the 4th century BC it is possible to find the causes of the Monte Bibele settlement birth. Etruscan cities of the Po Valley, as Felsina (Bologna), Marzabotto, Spina, Forcello (Mantova) and Adria, prospered during the previous century, were destroyed or reduced because of celtic tribes migration. In the while, Rome started the conqueror of some etruscan tyrrhenian cities and Etruscans started to abandon their territories, as it happened at Marzabotto, Forcello and Felsina, reaching the mountain regions, more defended for their own nature. On the Apennines's peaks there were small settlements as Monte Bibele and Monterenzio Vecchio strategically located in relation to the major transit routes with an extensive view on the surrounding territory.
Tra il 375 e il 350 a.C., al nucleo di fondatori etrusco-italici del villaggio di Pianella di Monte Savino a Monte Bibele si affianca la presenza di una componente celtica, documentata non tanto dai pochi reperti ascrivibili a questa cultura rinvenuti all’interno dell’abitato, quanto piuttosto dai corredi funerari del vicino sepolcreto di Monte Tamburino. In questo, elementi tradizionalmente etruschi vengono affiancati da oggetti tipicamente celtici, legati soprattutto all'ornamento e all'armamento. Una compenetrazione simile di elementi italici e celtici si riscontra nella vicina necropoli di Monterenzio Vecchio, in tombe di sepolcreti legati a Bologna e al suo territorio, nonché in altri centri padani (come Spina e Adria) ed anche in vari siti di altura appenninici, che sembrano restituire l'idea di una linea più o meno continua di avamposti militari di crinale che si sviluppano tra l'Adriatico e il Tirreno, dalle Marche (Montefortino di Arcevia) alla Liguria (Cafaggio).
Between 375 and 350 BC, the etruscan and italic people which founded the village of Pianella di Monte Savino in Monte Bibele were reached by Celts. This fact has not left so many traces in the village finds, but rather into the graves of Monte Tamburino: typical etruscan elements are joined to traditional Celtic objects, above all ornaments and weapons. The same assimilation is proved in the near necropolis of Monterenzio Vecchio, in Bologna and its territory, as well as in other cities of the Po region (as Spina and Adria). It seems to be a sort of a continuous military outposts line developed on the Apennines between the Adriatic and the Tyrrhenian Sea from Marche (Montefortino di Arcevia) to Liguria region (Cafaggio).
Nel 225 a.C. un’ultima grande coalizione di Galli Boi, Taurini, Liguri e Gesati d’oltralpe, rivalica l’Appennino verso sud penetrando in Etruria, ma viene annientata dalle legioni romane prima a Talamone e poi a Clastidium, nell’Oltrepò pavese. L’inarrestabile avanzata romana verso nord ed il consolidamento delle sue posizioni sulla linea del Po con le fondazioni di Piacenza e Cremona, subisce una grave battuta d’arresto con l’invasione cartaginese. Nel 219 a.C. Annibale valica le Alpi e scende in Italia sconfiggendo ripetutamente le legioni romane, prima sui fiumi Ticino e Trebbia, poi, valicato l’Appennino Tosco-Emiliano, al lago Trasimeno.
The beginning of the 3rd century BC shows a clear expansionary policy of Rome towards the Adriatic coast, after the conquest of all the Samnites's territories and the consolidation of its hegemony in Central and Southern Italy, opposing to syracusan power in Ancona and Adria. The new alliances is proved by the Italic League (Samnites, Umbrians, Etruscans and Celts). Its totally defeat in 295 BC after the battle of Sentinum (nearby Sassoferrato Arcevia-Fabriano, Marche region) meant the Rome triumph also in the Adriatic area. The new colonies of Sena Gallica (Senigallia) and Rimini signed a new historical phase with the roman presence in Northern Italy and with its continuous military engagements against Ligurians, Celts (especially Boii) and the Carthaginian power.
In 225 BC one last big alliance of Boii, Taurini, Ligurian, Gaesati crossed the Apennines penetrating in Etruria, but it was destroyed by Roman legions first at Talamone and then at Clastidium (nearby Pavia city). The roman power, proved by the occupation of Piacenza and Cremona, was seriously stopped by the Carthaginian invasion. In 219 BC Hannibal crossed the Alps and defeated the Roman legions at first nearby the Ticino and Trebbia rivers, then at the Trasimeno Lake. When crossing the Apennine, Hannibal becomes a reference point for Celtic defeated peoples in order to stop the Roman conquest of the Po Valley. Between the late 3rd and the early 2nd century BC, at the same time as the destruction of the Carthaginian power, the final defeat of Galli Boii, the founding of Bononia colony of Via Emilia (Rimini-Piacenza) and Via Flaminia Minore (Arezzo-Bologna), the Pianella village ends, destroyed by a fire.
In quite 200 years of existence of Monte Bibele settlement the generations that followed each other were the witnesses of events that for a thousand years would totally changed the history of the European continent and its relations with the entire known world: from the Atlantic shores to those of the Eastern Mediterranean, up to the remote lands of the Indus Valley. While the Bibele lived, Alexander the Great was growing larger the world boundaries and the Greek philosophers were measuring the extension of our planet. The inhabitants of Pianella were made activities which for millennia had been the sustenance of their ancestors, but were already capable to make instruments such as the sundial, an ancient compass for astronomical and geographical orientation: modern tool for someone which was having in his mind to conquer the world.
By car: from Bologna take the bypass, S. Lazzaro direction. After the exit n. 13 stay on your right and follow for "complanare sud". Take the first exit ("Idice") and follow for "Idice"/"Monterenzio". When you arrive in Monterenzio city, turn right beside the post office, "via del Museo".
By bus: from Bologna "Marconi" Airport to the Railway station, by BLQ Aerobus.
From Bologna Railway station to the Bus station on foot (400 mt, 6 min.) and catch 916 or 918 line bus. Your bus stop is "Monterenzio scuola", just after the Monterenzio post office.
Otherwise calculate your itinerary from Bologna.